The prostate gland is a small gland only found in men. It is a small walnut sized organ located at the base of the urethra and plays a vital role in the male reproductive system. It opens into the urethra (the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the penis) and is placed just below the bladder and vas deferens (a pair of ducts through which sperm passes before ejaculation).
The prostate assists in the manufacture of semen, which carries sperm from testicles through the penis.
The function of the prostate is to secrete a slightly alkaline fluid, milky or white in appearance that usually constitutes 50–75% of the volume of the semen along with spermatozoa and seminal vesicle fluid.
Semen is made alkaline overall with the secretions from the other contributing glands, including the seminal vesicle fluid. The alkalinity of semen helps neutralise the acidity of the vaginal tract, prolonging the lifespan of sperm. The prostatic fluid is expelled in the first ejaculate fractions, together with most of the spermatozoa.
Prostate diseases cause symptoms related to:
Frequent ejaculation, whether it happens during sexual intercourse, masturbation or a dream helps protect the prostate. Previous studies have linked frequent sexual activity to a higher risk of prostate cancer or enlargement Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) but this new, large study found ejaculation frequency was not associated with prostate problems except in the highest category. Men who ejaculated most often actually had a 33% lower lifetime risk of prostate cancer and this relationship grew stronger as men grew older. However, if a person suffers from prostate problems, he should avoid sexual excess, irregularities in eating and drinking, long periods of sitting and vigorous exercise.
The following cleanses and exercises improve overall prostate health, especially in case of prostate enlargement
Kegel or pelvic-strengthening exercises can help ease the discomforts of enlarged prostate as they help tighten and clench specific pelvic muscles to help control urination.
Regularly perform kegel exercises throughout the day. You can do them after waking up in the morning, at lunchtime, in the evening and before going to bed. Target your pelvic muscles only and avoid tightening the muscles in your stomach, buttocks or thighs. If you are having difficulty locating the pelvic muscles, get help from an expert.
Empty your bladder and lie on the floor with your knees bent and apart. Tighten your pelvic floor muscles for 5 seconds, then relax them for 5 seconds. Repeat 10 to 20 times, 3 or 4 times each day. Pelvic floor muscles are the muscles you use to stop your urine flow.
Another option is to squeeze the muscles in your anus, then relax your pelvic floor muscles. Do it 10 to 20 times, a 2-3 times a day. Note: Men who suffer from chronic prostatitis or chronic pelvic pain syndrome must avoid doing kegel exercises.
Eat grapes (especially red grapes), green tomatoes and dark, leafy green vegetables. These foods help prevent the development of an enlarged prostate or prostate cancer. Add some cauliflower, another prostate-cancer inhibitor, to your diet too.
Vitamin C rich Foods: For good prostate health, include plenty of oranges, lemons, grapefruits and strawberries in your diet. Potatoes, red peppers, mangoes, broccoli, pineapple and cantaloupe are all rich in vitamin C.
Vitamin D rich dairy products: Vitamin D may help lower your risk of developing prostate cancer, so drink plenty of vitamin D-enriched milk. Make sure to include plenty of dairy foods into your diet.
Folate rich foods: Folate may also contribute to prostate health, so eat plenty of spinach, asparagus and black-eyed peas.
Fish: Fish, high in cancer-fighting omega-3 fatty acids, is great for the prostate particularly cold-water fish such as mackerel (Bangada) and trout. The healthy fats found in fish such as salmon (Rawas), swordfish (TegaMachali) and tilapia (Jilapi) are good not only for your prostate but also for your heart.
Flaxseed oil: Flaxseed oil, helps naturally balance the hormones in the prostate. Add one table spoon flaxseed to a glass of orange juice or any other drink once a day.
Palmetto: Palmetto, a natural antiseptic and astringent known for combating pain and inflammation, is very effective in treatment of enlargement in the prostate. Saw palmetto naturally shrinks any inflamed tissue in the urinary system and helps rid the body of toxins and irritants through regular, healthy urine flow.