The prostate gland is a small gland only found in men. It is a small walnut sized
organ located at the base of the urethra and plays a vital role in the male
reproductive system. It opens into the urethra (the tube that carries urine from the
bladder to the penis) and is placed just below the bladder and vas deferens (a pair of
ducts through which sperm passes before ejaculation).
The prostate assists in the manufacture of semen, which carries sperm from testicles
through the penis.
The function of the prostate is to secrete a slightly alkaline fluid, milky or white in
appearance that usually constitutes 50–75% of the volume of the semen along with
spermatozoa and seminal vesicle fluid.
Semen is made alkaline overall with the secretions from the other contributing
glands, including the seminal vesicle fluid. The alkalinity of semen helps neutralise
the acidity of the vaginal tract, prolonging the lifespan of sperm. The prostatic fluid is
expelled in the first ejaculate fractions, together with most of the spermatozoa.
Prostate problems are very common in men above age of 50. Common problems
- Prostate enlargement (Benign Prostatic hyperplasia)
The most common condition of the prostate is enlargement of prostate. Occurring
commonly in elderly males, it starts off with dripping of urine. When the prostate
grows large, it blocks the urethra and makes urination difficult and painful. Later
there is continued hesitancy and urgency when going to the washroom. About a third
of all men over 50 years of age will have symptoms of prostate enlargement, which
- makes it difficult to start urinating
- weakens the flow of urine or causes stopping and starting
- causes strain while passing urine
- causes to urinate more frequently, and
- wakes up frequently during the night to urinate
Prostatitis is a condition where the prostate gland becomes inflamed (red and
swollen). Inflammation often occurs as a response to infection, but in most cases of
prostatitis no evidence of infection can be found. Prostatitis is thought to affect up to
3 in 20 men (15%) at some point in their lives. Although it can affect men of any age,
it is more common in men between 30-50 years of age. Symptoms of prostatitis
- pelvic pain
- testicular pain
- pain when urinating (this is less common and more likely with a urinary tract infection)
- pain when ejaculating semen
- pain in the perineum (the area between the anus and back of the scrotum),
which is often worse when sitting, particularly on hard chairs and bicycle seats
- Prostate cancer
Prostate cancer is common in men over 50, especially in men who eat fatty food
and/or have a father or brother with prostate cancer.
The symptoms of prostate cancer are similar to those of prostate enlargement and
- needing to rush to the toilet and
- feeling that your bladder has not emptied fully
Causes (Prostate Problems)
- Family history
- Advancing age.
- Race - American and Australian men are at higher risk than Asian men.
- having a urinary tract or bladder infection
- injuries to the pelvis
- a past episode of prostatitis
- unprotected sexual intercourse
- being catheterised (having a tube inserted into the urethra to drain urine)
- Infection with HIV
Symptoms and Warning Signs
Prostate diseases cause symptoms related to:
- obstruction (weak or interrupted urine stream, slow start, feeling of incomplete emptying of the bladder)
- Irritation (frequency, urgency, going to the bathroom at night).
- frequent urination
- sudden need to urinate (urgency)
- difficulty starting to urinate
- urinary incontinence (inability to get to the bathroom in time)
- dribbling after you finish urinating
- straining to urinate or trying to force the urine out
- pain while you urinate
- blood in the urine
- A weak stream of urine
Frequent ejaculation, whether it happens during sexual intercourse, masturbation or
a dream helps protect the prostate. Previous studies have linked frequent sexual
activity to a higher risk of prostate cancer or enlargement Benign prostatic
hyperplasia (BPH) but this new, large study found ejaculation frequency was not
associated with prostate problems except in the highest category. Men who
ejaculated most often actually had a 33% lower lifetime risk of prostate cancer and
this relationship grew stronger as men grew older. However, if a person suffers from
prostate problems, he should avoid sexual excess, irregularities in eating and
drinking, long periods of sitting and vigorous exercise.
The following cleanses and exercises improve overall prostate health, especially in
case of prostate enlargement
- Corn Silk
Corn silk is a time-tested remedy to fight off symptoms of prostate enlargement.
It acts as a natural diuretic and even helps relax the urinary muscles and lining.
This leads to improved urine flow.
(For complete details see Kidney Cleanse)
- Put the 500 gms of fesh or 50 gms of dried corn silk in a litre of water.
- Bring it to a boil, then simmer for another 10 minutes.
- Strain and drink up to 3 to 4 glasses of this corn silk tea a day.
- Stinging Nettle
Stinging nettle can also lessen BPH symptoms. The root contains essential
bioactive phytochemicals that help shrink prostate tissue. Being a natural
diuretic, it also encourages the elimination of inflammatory wastes through
- Add 1 teaspoon of dried nettle leaves to a cup of hot water. Steep for 10 minutes, then strain it. Drink this tea 2 or 3 times daily.
- You can also take a stinging nettle supplement. The usual amount is 300 mg
daily. Always consult a doctor before taking a supplement for the correct
dosage for your condition.
- Apple Cider Vinegar
Raw, unfiltered apple cider vinegar has astringent properties that help shrink
swollen prostate glands. It also aids weight loss and helps prevent complications
of enlarged prostate like UTIs.
- Mix 1 to 2 tablespoons of raw, unfiltered apple cider vinegar and 1 tablespoon of honey in a glass of warm water. Drink it twice daily.
- Another option is to add 1 cup of apple cider vinegar to a bathtub of water and soak in it for 10 to 15 minutes. Enjoy this soothing bath a few times a week.
- Pumpkin Seeds
Pumpkin seeds also help an enlarged prostate shrink in size. The seeds contain
diuretic properties that help urine flow. They are also high in zinc. Men
with enlarged prostate usually have a zinc deficiency. In addition, the seeds have
omega-3 fatty acids that aid prostate functioning.
Take a handful of pumpkin seeds. Eat them plain without adding any salt.
- Kegel Exercises
Kegel or pelvic-strengthening exercises can help ease the discomforts of
enlarged prostate as they help tighten and clench specific pelvic muscles to help
Regularly perform kegel exercises throughout the day. You can do them after
waking up in the morning, at lunchtime, in the evening and before going to bed.
Target your pelvic muscles only and avoid tightening the muscles in your
stomach, buttocks or thighs. If you are having difficulty locating the pelvic
muscles, get help from an expert.
Empty your bladder and lie on the floor with your knees bent and apart.
Tighten your pelvic floor muscles for 5 seconds, then relax them for 5
seconds. Repeat 10 to 20 times, 3 or 4 times each day. Pelvic floor muscles
are the muscles you use to stop your urine flow.
Another option is to squeeze the muscles in your anus, then relax your pelvic
floor muscles. Do it 10 to 20 times, a 2-3 times a day.
Note: Men who suffer from chronic prostatitis or chronic pelvic pain syndrome must
avoid doing kegel exercises.
- Sitz Bath
A contrast sitz bath is a soothing and effective remedy for enlarged prostate. The hot
bath will help relax the pelvic muscles, reduce swelling and promote healing. On the
other hand, the cold bath will ease pain.
Note: Do not follow this remedy if you have acute bacterial prostatitis.
- Fill one bathtub with warm water and add 1⁄2 cup of Epsom salt to it.
- Fill another bathtub with cold water and add a few drops of lavender essential oil to it.
- First, sit in the bathtub with hot water up to your waist for three minutes.
- Next, sit in the bathtub with cold water up to your waist for one minute.
- Do this two more times. The last bath should always be in the cool water.
- Enjoy a sitz bath a few times each week.
Prostate Friendly Foods
Strive to eat following prostate-friendly foods for three days and then continue to
incorporate these foods into your regular diet.
Fruits and Vegetables:
Eat grapes (especially red grapes), green tomatoes and dark, leafy green
vegetables. These foods help prevent the development of an enlarged prostate or
prostate cancer. Add some cauliflower, another prostate-cancer inhibitor, to your diet
Vitamin C rich Foods: For good prostate health, include plenty of oranges, lemons,
grapefruits and strawberries in your diet. Potatoes, red peppers, mangoes, broccoli,
pineapple and cantaloupe are all rich in vitamin C.
Vitamin D rich dairy products: Vitamin D may help lower your risk of developing
prostate cancer, so drink plenty of vitamin D-enriched milk. Make sure to include
plenty of dairy foods into your diet.
Folate rich foods: Folate may also contribute to prostate health, so eat plenty of
spinach, asparagus and black-eyed peas.
Fish: Fish, high in cancer-fighting omega-3 fatty acids, is great for the prostate
particularly cold-water fish such as mackerel (Bangada) and trout. The healthy fats
found in fish such as salmon (Rawas), swordfish (TegaMachali) and tilapia (Jilapi)
are good not only for your prostate but also for your heart.
Flaxseed oil: Flaxseed oil, helps naturally balance the hormones in the prostate.
Add one table spoon flaxseed to a glass of orange juice or any other drink once a
Palmetto: Palmetto, a natural antiseptic and astringent known for combating pain
and inflammation, is very effective in treatment of enlargement in the prostate. Saw
palmetto naturally shrinks any inflamed tissue in the urinary system and helps rid the
body of toxins and irritants through regular, healthy urine flow.
- Better urinary start, force and volume
- Normalised urinary frequency
- Sleep with less interruption
- Rejuvenate sex life
- Shrink the prostate to normal size