Anatomy of a Vagina
The vagina is an elastic, muscular canal with a soft, flexible lining that provides
lubrication and sensation. The vagina connects the uterus to the outside world. It
receives the penis during sexual intercourse and also serves as a conduit for
menstrual flow from the uterus. The hymen is a thin membrane of tissue that
surrounds and narrows the vaginal opening. It may be torn or ruptured by sexual
activity or by exercise.
The vulva and labia form the entrance of the vagina and the cervix of the uterus
protrudes into the vagina, forming the interior end. The vulva is in contact with the
outside world and covered by a skin that is far more delicate than the skin on other
parts of the body. It has many sweat glands. It also has specialised secretory glands
called the Bartholin's gland and the Skene's gland.
- The Bartholin's glands are two pea sized glands located slightly posterior and
to the left and right of the opening of the vagina. They secrete mucus to
lubricate the vagina for smooth penetration. Their duct length is 1.5 to 2.0 cm
and open into navicular fossa.
- The location of the Skene's gland is in the general area of the vulva, located
on the anterior wall of the vagina around the lower end of the urethra. Skene's
glands are the source of female ejaculation. A large amount of lubricating fluid
is secreted from this gland when stimulated from inside the vagina.
Pubic hair is attached to the epidermis of the vagina. They cover the vulva and
protect it from outside dust, as also from trauma and infection. This function was
more necessary in ancient times when clothes were not worn. However, modern
clothing habits result in long hours of confinement and moisture, as a result many
bacteria thrive in these hairs and cause bad odour. These hairs may be occasionally
removed in order to clean the area and prevent the rise of bacterial infection.
However, a razor should never be used as it damages the protective layer of the
upper skin. Scissors or trimmers may be used instead. Hair removers are equally
harmful and no attempt should be made to remove the hair completely from the skin .
The vestibule between the labia contains several invisible glands that secrete
mucous to prevent the labia from rubbing against each other.
The vagina has several biological functions as follows:
- Sexual activity
The concentration of the nerve endings that lie close to the entrance of a woman's
vagina (the lower third) can provide extreme pleasurable sensation during sexual
activity when stimulated in a way that the particular woman enjoys. However, the
vagina as a whole has insufficient nerve endings for sexual stimulation and orgasm.
The clitoris contains an abundance of nerve endings and is a sex organ of multilane
structure with a broad attachment to the pubic arch.
During sexual arousal, particularly the stimulation of the clitoris, the walls of the
vagina lubricate. This reduces friction caused by various sexual activities.
The walls of the vagina are composed of soft elastic folds of mucous membrane
which stretch or contract (with support from pelvic muscles) to the size of the
inserted penis or other object, stimulating the penis and helping to cause the male to
experience orgasm and ejaculation, thus enabling fertilization.
During childbirth, the baby passes through vagina also known as birth canal. The
vagina provides the channel to deliver the newborn from the uterus to its
independent life outside the body of the mother. During birth, the elasticity of the
vagina allows it to stretch to many times its normal diameter.
- Uterine secretions
The vagina provides a path for menstrual blood and tissue to leave the body, thus
cleansing itself and uterus. In modern societies, several products may be used like
tampons, menstrual cups and sanitary napkins to absorb or capture these fluids.
However, use of these external products may cause inflammation, allergies and
- Female ejaculation (orgasm)
An erogenous zone commonly referred to as the G-Spot (Gräfenberg Spot) is
located at the anterior wall of the vagina, about 5 cm from the entrance. Women
experience intense pleasure and ejaculate if the G-Spot is stimulated appropriately
during sexual activity.
Though vagina through regular cycles and other daily discharges cleanses itself, but
still it can be affected by various problems which need to be treated and cleansed
internally as well as externally.
- Vaginitis: Inflammation of the vagina with symptoms like itching, discharge and
change of odour commonly from a yeast infection or bacterial overgrowth.
- Vaginismus: Involuntary spasm of the vaginal muscles during sexual
intercourse. Emotional distress about sex or medical conditions can be
- Vaginal warts: Genital warts may affect the vulva or the vagina. Treatments can
remove vaginal warts, which are caused by human papilloma virus (HPV).
- Trichomoniasis: Infection of the vagina by a microscopic parasite called
trichomonas. It is transmitted by sex and is easily curable by medicines and cleansing.
- Bacterial vaginosis (BV): A disruption in the balance of healthy bacteria in the
vagina, often causing odour and discharge.
- Herpes simplex virus (HSV): The herpes virus can infect the vagina, causing
small, painful, recurring blisters and ulcers.
- Gonorrhea: This sexually transmitted bacterial infection often infects the cervix.
Half the time, there are no symptoms, but vaginal discharge and itching may
- Chlamydia: The bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis causes this sexually
transmitted infection. Only half of women will have symptoms, which may include
vaginal discharge or pain in the vagina or abdomen.
- Vaginal prolapse: Due to weakening of pelvic muscles (usually from childbirth),
the rectum, uterus or bladder pushes on the vagina. In severe cases, the vagina
protrudes out of the body.
- Bladder infections: Bladder infections are caused by bacteria known as E.Coli
that take up residence in the vagina and consequently make their way to the
urethra, the tube through which urine flows.
- Loose Vagina: A loose Vagina is characterised by the vagina emitting a lot of
odour, non-closure of vagina during non-aroused state, inability for the vagina to
grip the index finger, ability to insert three or more fingers into it when aroused.
Apart from above, there are other numerous vaginal problems which are mentioned
with symptoms as below. However, most of these problems are cured by Liver,
Kidney, Fat and Acidity Cleanse depending on a case to case basis.
- Blood discharge from vagina
- Brown discharge after the period
- Cysts and abscesses in vaginal area
- Cyst in vagina during pregnancy
- Discharge due to excessive use of soap
- Dark marks and other worrisome spots in the vagina
- Discharge during intercourse
- Dry vagina
- Excessive vaginal lubrication
- Frequent vaginal yeast infections
- Hard fleshy lump in vagina
- Heavy vaginal discharge
- Inflammation of the vagina
- Itchiness around clitoris after sex
- Itchiness around vagina and other vaginal area
- Light bleeding from the vagina
- Losing skin from vagina
- Lump on the front wall of vagina
- Milky sticky discharge
- Odour around intimate areas and front passage
- Pink-brown discharge
- Small lump spot in and around vagina
- Small white blisters on the vagina
- Smelly green discharge
- Sore area inside the lips of vagina and other genital areas
- Swelling of womb
- The swelling of opening of vagina
- Urinating from vagina
- Unpleasant and excessive vaginal discharge
- Urine incontinency
- Vaginal discharge almost from two years
- Vaginal bleeding for 27 days
- Vaginal bleeding while urinating
- Vaginal discharge with soreness
- Vaginal pain
- Vaginal pain caused by vitamin B12 deficiency
- Vaginal discharge due to uses of pills
- Whitish vaginal discharge
- Yellow discharge instead of a period
The vagina is "self-cleansing" through the elimination of vaginal discharge daily. It is
normal for women of reproductive age to have vaginal discharge. If there is concern
that discharge has changed in colour, odour or texture this may be an indication that
something is not right. Vaginal discharge is a mixture of:
- Cells shed from the vaginal walls
- Mucus and fluids from the reproductive organs and cervix
- Bacterial by- products
- Salt and water
The vagina keeps itself healthy by maintaining the vaginal pH in a mildly acidic range
of 3.5 - 4.5. This normal pH is maintained through a balance between hormones and
intra vaginal microorganisms.
You can measure your vaginal pH with the Over-the-counter screening kits at home
to help determine your vaginal health. These kits comes with 2 pH wands, complete
instructions and a guide that will show you what the pH means as far as what kind of
infection you may have. A pH level of 4.5 may indicate a possible yeast infection. A
pH reading higher than 5.0 may indicate a trichomonosis or bacterial vaginosis
infection. A yeast infection can be cured at home while the other two infections need
to be treated with antibiotics, prescribed by a doctor. However regular Vagina
Cleanse protects you from these infections and from the most of the other vaginal
Vagina cleanse through douching
Douching is the process of washing or cleaning out the vagina with water or other
mixtures of fluids externally. It is very common and regular practice throughout the
world. Around 6% of women aged 15 to 44 years douche regularly. About half of these
women douche every week. Douching has a limited role in the treatment of any cause of
vaginitis and other infections, but it prevents most of these infections if done properly
Why do women douche?
Common reasons for using douches include:
- To clean the vagina
- To rinse away blood after monthly periods
- To get rid of odours from the vagina
- To avoid Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)
- To prevent pregnancy
For the vaginal wash or douche, you may use six teaspoons of vinegar or some
lemon juice in oneliter of water for better results.
Usually douches are prepackaged mixes of water and vinegar, baking soda or
iodine. Women can buy these products at a nearby medical or grocery stores. The
mixtures usually come in a bottle and can be squirted into the vagina through a tube
Vaginal douche tube or nozzle
- Choose a douching product.
Look through the available douching products at your local drug store to choose
an option that looks best for you. Avoid any solution that contains scents or dyes,
as these are much more likely to cause an infection. If you prefer, you can create
your own douching solution at home using vinegar and only buy a squeeze bottle
at the store for application.
- Prepare the douching solution.
If you bought a kit at the store, follow the box
directions to prepare the douching solution it came with. Typically you will need to
use a quart of water to prepare it. If you are making on your own at home, mix
one part vinegar with three parts water, in an amount equal to at least two cups.
- Follow the directions on the box to fill the squeeze bottle or simply pour the
solution into the squeeze bottle. If all the solution doesn’t fit, fill it as high as you
are able and then add the rest later.
- To prevent spilling any of the solution, get into the shower or bathtub for the entire
process. You’ll likely want to shower or bath afterwards anyways.
- Insert the tip of the squeeze bottle or douche pouch into the vagina and squeeze
it to release the fluid. Continue rinsing the inside of the vagina until you have
used all the available fluid.
- Use a mild soap and warm water to wash the outside of the vagina as you would
normally during a shower or bath. The douching solution is relatively harmless on
any other part of your body, so rinse it off if it came into contact with anything else
but don’t worry about it too much.
- Follow up with any post-douching cleaning activities you deem necessary. Clean
out the douching pouch/squeeze bottle and store it for later use.
Natural remedies for Vagina Cleanse
Females must drink eight to ten glasses of water every day as it is a
known fact that a well hydrated body remains healthy and free of health
issues. When you drink water, the body gets rid of toxins and harmful bacteria
in a very effective manner. At the same time water also helps to remove the
extra sugar from the body which is one of main reasons behind vaginal odour.
When consumed on a regular basis, it helps to balance the
hormones and promotes regular menstrual cycles. At the same time it keeps
the inner body system healthy which in turn helps to reduce
vaginal odour. Those having the problem of vaginal odour can consume
fenugreek in its natural form. Soak a teaspoon of fenugreek seeds in one
glass of water before going to bed and next morning drink this water on an
Garlic is a kind of natural antibiotic. It can help a lot to deal with
vaginal infection as well as vaginal odour. Garlic must be consumed raw or in
a cooked form on daily basis. You can eat one or two raw garlic cloves on an
empty stomach with one glass of warm water. Another option is to take a
piece of peeled and sliced cut garlic and put it in the vagina for a couple of
minutes. This can also help to alleviate the bad vaginal odour to a large
Yogurt is rich in lactobacillus, which helps to restore the normal
vaginal pH level. Once the pH level gets balanced, there will be no problem of
vaginal odour. Try to eat two cups of unsweetened, plain yogurt daily. Another
option is to soak a tampon in plain yogurt and then insert it into your vagina,
leave for some time and then rinse the area thoroughly after removing the
- White Vinegar:
White vinegar has the power to neutralise odours. You must
add half cup of white vinegar and salt to your bathtub and allow your lower
body to soak in it for a few minutes. This will help to restore pH levels in the
vagina and eliminate odour s in the process. For better result, use lukewarm
water instead of cold water.
- Apple Cider Vinegar:
Apple cider vinegar is a natural anti-bacterial and is a
part of majority of ready to use douches. A bath in apple cider vinegar is one
of the simplest ways to get rid of bad odour. In a bath tub, add some warm
water and apple cider vinegar and have a nice long soak for at least half an
hour. This will help to fight off the toxins and bacteria that cause vaginal
- Baking Soda:
Baking soda is an ingredient commonly used as a douche, can
also be used to balance the pH level in your body. Once the pH level gets
balanced, the problem of vaginal odour will be cured automatically. Simply mix
one tablespoon of baking soda in a glass of warm water and drink it once a
day. Else you can add half cup of baking soda to your bath water and then
soak your lower body part in it for around twenty minutes.
- Tea Tree Oil:
Tea tree oil contains strong antifungal as well as antiseptic
properties and thus it can be used to get rid of unpleasant vaginal odour. Take
some tea tree oil and dilute it with water. Use this solution to rinse the infected
area. Another option is to add three drops of tea tree oil to your bath water
along with three cups of pure apple cider vinegar and then soak in it for half
an hour. When this remedy is followed three to four times a week, it will help
to get rid of bacteria that are contributing to vaginal odour.
- Indian Gooseberry:
It is a kind of natural blood purifier and organic cleaner
and hence, it can control the infection that causes vaginal odour. At the same
time this natural ingredient can also be used to control the problematic
leucorrhoea (vaginal discharge) which is one of the prime reasons behind the
foul vaginal odour. You must eat Indian gooseberry daily, either in raw or in
any other forms like pickles, murabba, powder and so on.
Treatment of Vaginal Infection
The following are common treatments that may be used:
- If you believe you have vaginitis, then you should clean the outside and inside
of the vagina often. Dry it well with a towel. Use a non-prescription anti-fungal
cream or powder, e.g., Clotrimazole Absorbent Dusting Powder.
- If you feel as though you may have had an allergic reaction in the vulva area,
avoid further contact with the allergen. Keep the area very clean and dry.
Treat with an anti-itch cortisone cream.
- If you have a urinary tract infection (UTI), then you should drink plenty of juice
and take vitamin C. Use cranberry juice as a preventative treatment for UTIs.
- Wiping from front to back help prevent infection from recurring. Wiping the
wrong (back to front) way causes infection.
Wiping away is pure common sense; move bacteria away from, not towards, the vagina/ urethra.
You can strengthen your anal, vaginal and urinary muscles with a special
exercise called a Kegel (repeatedly contracting and relaxing the muscles that
form part of the pelvic floor). This will help vagina to fight with various
infections more effectively as well as will help in problems such as loose
vagina, vaginal prolapse etc.
Stronger muscles can also help you relax and may control pain and provide more pleasure
The Sun is the center of our solar system, giving energy and life to the Earth and
all its inhabitants. The Sun has been associated with nourishing life, increasing
vitality, strengthening the body through the production of Vitamin D. Sunshine will
increase your energy, mood, libido and immune system. Melanin present in the
dermis absorbs the UV rays from the Sun. Lying in the Sun helps decrease
symptoms of PMS or menopause.
Wash and clean the vaginal area thoroughly with a mild soap and pat dry.
Choose a discreet and secluded location inside home. Expose the inner vagina to
direct sunlight. The skin covering this part is very thin and blood capillaries lie
very close to the surface. Exposing this part to sunlight allows the cleansing of
blood coursing through these capillaries and fights any localised infection such as
yeast and fungi. Avoid sunbathing between 11:00 am to 3:00 pm, since the sun
rays are too strong during these hours. Those hours, when the rays of the sun
shine at deviated angles such as mornings and evenings are better for healing.
An exposure of 10-20 minutes is optimal. The sun can help regulate the
production of hormones. Repeat this on alternate days for a week. Observe the
improvements for sure.
Do’s for the Vagina Health
- If you have a problem with too much wetness, discharge, sweating or odour ,
you can apply some deodorant powder each day to help wipe away wetness
and help keep you odour free.
- If you have some problem with your vagina during intercourse, use a condom,
otherwise the intercourse will increase the irritation and it may spread
microbes to your partner.
- Do allow your vulva area to breathe with cotton lined undergarments; light
weight and non-restrictive clothing during the day and, if possible, nothing at
night. Avoid constrictive non-breathable clothing and wear clean
undergarments to prevent odours.
- Frequently change tampons and sanitary napkins as a way to prevent odours.
- Wash the vagina twice a day with an unscented soap. Washing more
frequently can disturb your pH balance, thus worsening your problem. Be
careful when washing your vagina, it’s not a race. Don't rush. Take your time
because you don't want to irritate your skin.
- If you know your vagina is unhealthy, avoid sex or masturbation.
Some Don’ts for the Vagina
- Don't wear sweaty work-out clothes, constrictive pants or undergarments longer than needed
- Don't over wash, over bubble bath or over dry the delicate genital area
- Don’t douche more than twice a week. Douching constantly can both
introduce bacteria into the vagina and rinse out the normal friendly,
noninfectious bacteria, which are then replaced with infectious E. coli.
- Having hair removed from your genital area may cause irritation. Pubic hair
evolved to keep genitals from becoming too moist and it allows the area to
breathe. While there aren't necessarily any serious repercussions, pubic hair
removal does not pose a hygienic benefit.
Frequently Asked Question
Q.Is douching safe?
A. Douching is known to have no adverse side effects. On the contrary, it may be
helpful in maintaining the vulva- vaginal health.
Vaginal odour is a very common problem that most of the females have to
deal with at least once or twice in their life. Vaginal odour can be due to a
number of reasons such as bacterial growth, sexually transmitted diseases,
yeast infections and poor hygiene. If the problem is due to some kind of
infection, there can be symptoms like itching and redness in the vaginal
area. No matter what is the reason behind vaginal odour, it can be very